Revolutionary War Patriot John Ingraham (about 1755-September 16, 1828) written by Ethelene Dyer Jones.
The parentage of John Ingraham of Union County, South Carolina has been lost to time. Watson B. Dyer, historian, thinks his father was Benjamin Ingraham, because the name Benjamin was passed to subsequent generations (see Dyer Family History, p. 390). However, there is some indication that his father was William Ingraham who migrated from Wales to Virginia and received a grant of 300 acres in South Carolina in 1752 in Craven County on the north side of the Wateree River. This William Ingraham had known sons named John, James and Arthur. Son James entertained George Washington at his plantation at Wateree, an event recorded in the diary of the president on May 26, 1791. Washington reciprocated the hospitality by entertaining James Ingraham at Mt. Vernon.
Wedding bells rang for Rutha White and John Ingraham in 1778. They were married at Fair Forest Baptist Church in Union County, South Carolina. Rev. James Crowder, Rutha’s pastor, performed the ceremony. Married only two years after the signing of America’s Declaration of Independence in 1776, John Ingraham was caught up, as were his neighbors, in the spirit of patriotism sweeping the colonies.
He enlisted as a private in Captain John Putnam’s Company of the South Carolina militia, in Colonel Brandon’s Regiment. His service number was R-5483.
He fought in the Charleston, SC Siege confrontation with British and Loyalist forces. This battle ended in great disappointment. Fought from March 29 through May 12, 1780, Patriot Major General Lincoln surrendered Charleston. It was subsequently occupied by British forces until the British evacuated Charleston on December 14, 1782.
John Ingraham fought at the Battle of King’s Mountain, SC on October 7, 1780. Frontier militia from South and North Carolina, Virginia and Georgia converged and surrounded Patrick Ferguson’s forces, defeating them. King’s Mountain was a turning point in the Revolution, a decisive victory for the American Patriots.
Three months later, on January 17, 1781, John Ingraham was with the militia forces under the notable Patriot Brigadier General Daniel Morgan as they attacked General Banastre Tarleton’s forces of British Regulars at the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina. Historians have recognized that battle as one of the most important of the American Revolution.
It was customary for militia members to sign on for three month terms and fight in battles near their homes. Those frontier soldiers bravely defended America, turning the tide of war and leading to the surrender of British General Cornwallis on October 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia.
After the war, John and Rutha Ingraham moved from their home at Padgett’s Creek, Union County, SC, to a land grant he received for his Revolutionary War service in what was then Franklin County, Georgia. The area where they settled became Hall County in 1819. John and Rutha lived in the vicinity of what became present day Lula, Georgia. There patriot John Ingraham died on September 16, 1828. Unfortunately, we do not know the location of his grave.
The pension bill was passed in 1832, four years after John Ingraham’s death. His widow, Rutha White Ingraham, made repeated applications for a widow’s pension, but never received one. She died at the home of their son, Tillman Ingraham, in Cherokee County, Georgia (date unknown). We do know that she lived until at least age 89 in 1847 when she was still applying for a widow’s pension.
The pension application was taken up by their son, John Little Ingraham, of Union County, Georgia, following Rutha’s death, for three of their children still living—John Little Ingraham, Tillman Ingraham, and Elizabeth Ingraham Riley, with application made on October 26, 1852. This application was also denied.
Our lineage to John Ingraham, Revolutionary Patriot, comes through his son, John Little Ingraham, the latter’s daughter, Louisa Eliza Ingraham who married James Marion Dyer, and their son, Bluford Elisha “Bud” Dyer who married Sarah Evaline Souther Dyer.
Many descendants of John Ingraham have established a direct line of ancestry to this patriot and have received admission into the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution. Even though Rutha White Ingraham did not receive remuneration in the years of her widowhood, subsequent intrinsic benefits to their heirs in past, present and future generations are testimony to the significant contributions this couple made to America’s freedom.
We salute and say a heart-felt “thank you” to Private John Little Ingraham.