Appalachia Appalachian Dialect

Appalachian Vocabulary Test 27

Granny, Tina, Tipper
Granny Gazzie holding Tina and Tipper (cousins-we were born around the same time) 

Time for this month’s Appalachian Vocabulary Test-it’s all about the make.

  1. Make (1)
  2. Make (2)
  3. Make (3)
  4. Make in one’s mind
  5. Make on


  1. Make (1): train/study in a profession. “I heard that oldest Jenkins boy made a helicopter pilot.”
  2. Make (2): to grow into or become. “During the depression I grew up and made a young woman. I never forgot the lessons I learned during those hard times.”
  3. Make (3): growing crops. “Last summer hardly any of our squash made. They all had blooms but no squash. This year I’m going to plant them in a different place and see if they don’t make better.”
  4. Make in one’s mind: to determine or decide on an issue. “After growing up in the depression I made in my mind that my children would never have to go hungry no matter what I had to do.”
  5. Make on: to work on. “I’m plumb wore out. All week long we’ve been making on canning greenbeans. We’ve got a 100 quart so far.”

So how did you do? I’ve heard all of the various uses of make-but the first 3 are the ones I’m most familiar with.

Hope you’ll leave me a comment and tell me how you did.



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  • Reply
    harley willenborg
    January 14, 2013 at 2:54 pm

    need help to find ken m roper for a walnut nut cracker thank you

  • Reply
    Tim Hassell
    August 9, 2012 at 6:30 pm

    Hey Tipper,
    I know I’m more than a year and a half late but I have one more use of the word make that I didn’t see in the comments.
    Make over–to pay special attention to, to fuss over, to be occupied with .
    as in: 1. He makes over her like she was the only girl in the county. or 2. Look out yonder at that made over grave, uncle Jim died 70 years ago but aunt Lizzy keeps it up like he passed last week.

  • Reply
    Sue Crane
    September 29, 2011 at 10:43 am

    your eyes give you away! on the right in the first picture and the left in the second. And those eyes appear to have come down another generation — double!

  • Reply
    January 18, 2011 at 8:39 am

    I think in the last picture the baby on the left is Tipper. How’d I do?
    I think I’ve heard all of those at some point and time because they all sound familiar. But numbers one and three are the most familiar.

  • Reply
    David Templeton
    January 15, 2011 at 8:02 pm

    We have two big boxes of photographs, snapshots of happy times and family gatherings. When cameras used roll film most people built a collection of their pictures, prints made for us by the drugstore’s developer.
    When I’m in an antique store I’m drawn to the piles of old photographs and postcards. An antique picture frame, still holding a family portrait from another time and place. And, I wonder … how did these pictures get here from the happy moment and the treasured keepsake it once was to somebody? Here the pictures are just a pile of detritus no more of any sentimental value.
    What happened in the passages of time to this picture, to that boy, to the man beside that car, the baby in its crocheted bonnet? Is that house still standing? Where was it?
    And I am always drawn to the setting behind those in the pictures; my eyes fixing on the objects, the possessions, maybe family pictures hanging on the wall behind the smiling faces.
    I see now a picture over the shoulder of your Granny as she holds you and your little cousin. The picture on the wall behind your Granny was probably made at a family gathering, maybe someone’s birthday, of loved ones no doubt.
    I always wonder, and I know it’s strange obsession: Does that picture still exist? Does anyone remember the faces here smiling back at the Kodak Brownie?
    Wouldn’t it be great if you could find that picture and recall those wonderful folks once again, and hold the picture just like Granny did, and smile at knowing and remembering everyone looking back up through time at you?
    And I wonder … Someday, will our old photographs be shuffled through in a pile on a table in an antique store by someone wondering … who is this man, this bride, this baby? And, how did these family treasures end up here, separated now forever from that moment.
    Once when they were touched, a smile broke out.

  • Reply
    January 13, 2011 at 10:29 am

    Don-the pic was taken at Granny Gazzie’s house-in the Ranger Community. Her house sits just above the 4-lane-hwy 64.
    Blind Pig The Acorn
    Music, Giveaways, Mountain Folk
    All at

  • Reply
    B. Ruth
    January 13, 2011 at 7:30 am

    Hey Tipper,
    I’ve heard them all used but I guess my squash didn’t make cause I made in my mind they wouldn’t..Being as I weren’t there to weed them last spring..
    Well, like Jim…we just made do and kept on with our keepin on…
    Thanks Tipper for another interesting post…
    PS..Of course the eyes have it!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 9:52 pm

    I’ve heard 1 & 3 quite a bit, but I usually hear ‘make up my mind’ instead of made.
    Sweet pictures!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 9:40 pm

    Tipper, Now you’ve hit on a phrases that I’ve heard in Southern Mississippi And in Southern Louisiana..1,2,3 just like you said. 4 down here is “made up my mind”, when you are dead set on something. 5 hasn’t been used down here. As a reference I belong to the ‘baby boomers’ club, so my memories go back to the early 50’s. We also still say “make the bed” and “make do” (get by with what you’ve got). In Cajun Louisiana, they say “make groceries” which is a bit odd, if you ask me.
    **About the find the Tipper contest, you Have to be on the cutie patootie with the black as soot eyes!
    Thanks for the big smiles that your posts cause. Your musings are kin to a trip down memory lane.

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 8:46 pm

    i think you are the little one with the dark shoes in the picture …
    i’ve not heard of any of the uses for “make”!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 8:42 pm

    I grew up and live in West Virginia. Many of the words you use in your vocabulary tests I am very familiar with, but we’ve never used the word “made” in that manner.

  • Reply
    barbara gantt
    January 12, 2011 at 8:16 pm

    Use them all but the last one, Barbara

  • Reply
    Uncle Al
    January 12, 2011 at 7:45 pm

    I’m very familar with number 3 related to garden etc., and have heard 4 but not the others. I agree you’re the baby with the dark shoes. Freezing in Franklin…but enjoying every minute of it.

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 7:10 pm

    Tipper, I have to agree with the others, it is in the eyes. I bet you can get you way any time with the Deer Hunter with those eyes.
    As far a the test. I only got 3 of them correct. Guess i will just have to make do.

  • Reply
    Don Casada
    January 12, 2011 at 5:59 pm

    I’ve never heard the last one. For the fourth one, I lean toward use “made up my mind” instead of “made in my mind”
    As far as which one is Tipper, I came to the same conclusion as I think everyone else (you’re on the right in the first, left in the second). I can’t quantify the reason completely, but it’s more than just the chinquapin eyes – it’s the look in those eyes (if that makes sense??)
    By the way, do you know where was the second picture taken?

  • Reply
    lynn legge
    January 12, 2011 at 4:29 pm

    hiya tipper…. happy snow days 🙂
    i have never heard of using made like that… but love seeing how it was used.. and if you grew up with it then it becomes familiar.. like here in pittsburgh area we say gum bands.. for rubber bands.. lol so i guess thats a ladybugism .. heh
    and i think you are the little angel on the right side facing us in the first picture… gosh any gramma would be proud of those angels..
    sending big ladybug hugs

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 3:57 pm

    I’ve heard of some of those makes, but not all of them. You can tell which baby is you, your twins look just like you. It’s the eyes.

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 2:38 pm

    Wonder why we say “make the bed”?
    That isn’t just a “hill” saying though.

  • Reply
    Vicki Lane
    January 12, 2011 at 2:32 pm

    The first three are common around here — don’t believe I’ve heard 4 and 5.

  • Reply
    Miss Cindy
    January 12, 2011 at 1:56 pm

    I know the first three but not the last two. I’ve never thought before of the number of different ways we use make. Makes you wonder! lol
    Tipper, Jim is correct, those chinquapin eyes are a dead give away!
    Beautiful baby, beautiful woman, inside and out!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 1:42 pm

    I believe you are the dark eyed baby.Both are cute. Not familiar with the 5th use of the make on term,but am with the others.You always have a very interesting site to read everyday. Never have been disappointed like I have with other folks sites.

  • Reply
    Celia Miles
    January 12, 2011 at 12:43 pm

    I have only heard and used the first three uses of “make/made–and I’m Appalachian born and bred. My mother told her friends about me: “she’s a-making a teacher.” Somehow, that firmed it up. Celia

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 12:41 pm

    I’d say you are the baby with the black shoes!
    I have heard the first two before, but not the others. I think if I could go back and do it again, I’d make a nurse!! 🙂

  • Reply
    Sheryl Paul
    January 12, 2011 at 12:09 pm

    You are wearing the black shoes I believe. As for made, 1 and 4 I’ve heard, 1 I’ve used. I think you got us this time!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 11:19 am

    number 5 is the only one i have not heard or used. right now I am making time to write on blogs. made and making meaning the same thing as in, i made time to comment. very common in the south

  • Reply
    Grandma Sallie
    January 12, 2011 at 10:09 am

    Hi Tipper, I am guessing you are the baby with the black shiny shoes on. Patent leathers I will bet. I have heard the first three usages of make/made and the fourth one I would guess made up my mind, or made the bed. I enjoy your tests and so does my hubby is from the Nothern Appalachians.(South Western Pennsylvania).Wow do they have some interesting words.

  • Reply
    Vera Guthrie
    January 12, 2011 at 10:06 am

    Well I had done “made up my mind” if this computer didn’t get to the test I was going to throw it out the window. I did well I have heard all of the versions of make as well. Another one is “what make is your car”? Thanks for the challenge!!!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 10:04 am

    Tipper you are easy to spot; you have those beautiful dark eyes! I didn’t do so well on this vocab. test as I haven’t heard them used. Hope you staying safe and warm.

  • Reply
    Mike McLain
    January 12, 2011 at 9:57 am

    I did pretty bad- I remember MAKE(1) and that was all. I guess these uses didn’t MAKE it across the mountains to the part I grew up in…

  • Reply
    Nancy Wigmore
    January 12, 2011 at 9:54 am

    Had to make do many times…get by on what you have on hand…make do…Have a wonderful day!

  • Reply
    Jim Casada
    January 12, 2011 at 9:48 am

    Tipper–You seldom offer anything on the vocabulary front which is unfamiliar to me, but this time you do. I have never heard the last usage of make (“make on”). On the other hand, I’m intimately familiar with another use of the verb, namely, “make do” (for example, it has always been the mountain way to make do with what you’ve got).
    Also, given the fact that you and the Deer Hunter have twins blessed with chinquapin eyes and who are cute as a pair of speckled puppies and as appealing as a steaming bowl of butterbeans on a cold winter day, I can’t resist a bit of teasing connected with the verb to make. I reckon Chitter and Chatter have reached the age and stage where they are likely, any time, if not already, to understand all about making out:)
    My guess is that, if you share this post with the rest of the family, the girls will giggle, the Deer Hunter will start growing grey hairs and keeping the whereabouts of his shooting iron in mind, and you will discover a worry wrinkle somewhere. Such is life with tenagers. Have I made your day?
    Jim Casada

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 9:42 am

    I guess I’ll have to take an ‘F’ on today’s quiz; I’ve only heard make used in the first instance. Must be more of a southern appalachian usage, although #3 sounds similar to some Pennsylvania Dutch vernacular.
    Hmmm, I’m guessing you’re the one in Granny’s right arm in the second pic; looks like your big, dark eyes. They’re both photos to cherish, and I’m sure Granny adored all her grandbabies – that’s what we do! Have a great day!

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 9:31 am

    you’re on the right in the first picture, then on the left?

  • Reply
    January 12, 2011 at 9:30 am

    In the first picture, you are the one on the right. I just know it.

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