Appalachian Dialect

Appalachian Vocabulary Test 21

folkart from appalachia
It’s time for this month’s Appalachian Vocabulary Test-take it and see how you do:

  1. Jularker
  2. Jack
  3. Jist
  4. Juberous
  5. Jine


  1. Jularker-boyfriend. “I saw Ellie and her jularker down by the river. I hear they’ve been courting for a good while now.”
  2. Jack-bust, tear, steal. “I told him if he didn’t leave me alone I was going to jack his jaw!”
  3. Jist-just. “If you’ll wait jist a minute I’ll help you.”
  4. Juberous-nervous. “I’m not sure what was wrong with her she was as juberous as a cat in a room full of rocking chairs.”
  5. Jine-join. “They asked me to jine the church choir and I’m thinking I jist might.”

I’m not familiar with 2 of this month’s words-I believe I’ve read jularker in a book but I don’t think I’ve ever seen or heard juberous before. The others-I hear on a regular basis.

In my family-jist and jack or the 2 used most frequently. ‘Jack’ is one of my favorite old words. Since I was a little girl I’ve heard people say they were going to jack somebody’s jaw, jack somebody up, so and so’s jaw needs jacking, or even so and so’s tires and rims got jacked.

Hope you’ll leave a comment and tell me how you did on the test.



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  • Reply
    August 1, 2010 at 5:16 pm

    I have been looking for a written definition of ‘jularker’ for years, and actually found it in a recently purchased “The Dixie Dictionary”, by Thomas W. Howard, defined as, “1. type of bean. 2.boyfriend”.
    My mother uses this term often for something beyond boyfriend/girlfriend, i.e.,lover disapproved of by family.
    I put in in the search engine again, and came up with your wonderful site and vocab. tests.
    I got all of these, except ‘juberous’ Now, if I could just find ‘joner/joaner’.

  • Reply
    July 22, 2010 at 7:55 pm

    Like most of your readers, I had never heard of jularker and juberous. I have heard the others.

  • Reply
    July 21, 2010 at 12:03 pm

    That was a good test – I didn’t do very well. Jack around here has taken a new twist, though I remember that in my childhood we used it as it is used here. Now to jack something is to steal it away. And jist is still jist cuz even here in the boring PNW we still chop our words and git right to it.

  • Reply
    teresa atkinson
    July 21, 2010 at 11:32 am

    JIst and Jack here too. I love the angel with the pop top “balloons” at the beginning.

  • Reply
    Lonnie L. Dockery
    July 19, 2010 at 9:38 am

    Never heard of jularker of juberous! We didn’t say jine…but jist (or dist) was common.

  • Reply
    Fishing Guy
    July 18, 2010 at 7:41 pm

    Tipper: The only ones I knew were jist and jack.

  • Reply
    Helen G.
    July 18, 2010 at 1:54 am

    You got me on two of these… jularker and juberous. The rest I know and have used in my lifetime. I love the Appalachian Vocabulary tests…

  • Reply
    Nancy M.
    July 17, 2010 at 12:01 pm

    I haven’t heard 1 or 4 before. The others I’ve heard.

  • Reply
    Miss Cindy
    July 17, 2010 at 10:00 am

    You got me this time there are two I’ve never heard, juberous and jularker.
    Jack s—, jack squat, I’ve wondered just who Jack is. He seemed to get a real bad reputation.
    Also know jist and jine, heard them all my life.
    Good test!

  • Reply
    Pat in east TN
    July 17, 2010 at 6:29 am

    I must say you got me this time. Jist and juberous are the only two I’ve heard.
    I love your artwork!

  • Reply
    B. Ruth
    July 17, 2010 at 6:14 am

    Never heard jularker….I have heard and used all the rest…
    Have used the word jack the same as “jack your jaw” and I’ve always heard it used in this way….such as if a person is in shock and awe at some discovery or event or tall tale or joke the word ‘Jack’ is used like…Well, if that don’t just beat Jack!
    I always wondered who Jack was and had he always done something or discoved something before and this new event,discovery, tale or joke now would beat Jacks..LOL

  • Reply
    Greta Koehl
    July 16, 2010 at 8:43 pm

    Oooh, I bombed out this month; only two – jist and jine – out of the five. Must spend more time on the phone with relatives….

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 8:10 pm

    Jine and jularker were the only ones I was unfamiliar with.

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 2:15 pm

    I pretty much flunked this test. 1 out of 5 is pretty darn bad!

  • Reply
    Mike McLain
    July 16, 2010 at 1:51 pm

    I have never heard jularker or tuberous. I have heard jacking somebody up and jacking jaw but they were really about chastising a person for their failure to do what they agreed to do.

  • Reply
    Vicki Lane
    July 16, 2010 at 1:03 pm

    I’m with you, jularker and juberous are new to me.

  • Reply
    Jay Henderson
    July 16, 2010 at 12:56 pm

    3 of 5 — I knew jack, jist, & jine. As a young’un I had a friend who favored the expression, “I’ll jack his jaw if he . . . ”

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 12:39 pm

    Now I know why everyone likes your
    Applachian Work test. It brings out the fun in our dialect and I
    hear most of the words daily,
    except jularker. When I open a door for my dogs I think I say,
    “hold on! wait ‘dist’ a minute.”
    Most of my friends normally talk
    this way, and my Yankee friends get a kick out of our talk. The other day I was telling my neighbor how we got firewood for the winter. We saw it down on the
    side of the mountain, work it into
    blocks, and ‘jist ball-hootit’ down the hollar. Ken

  • Reply
    Julie at Elisharose
    July 16, 2010 at 12:22 pm

    Well, you almost got me completely on that one. “Jist” is the only one I’ve ever heard used.

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 12:22 pm

    Like you, Tipper, I have not heard of No. 1 and 3…. Don’t even think I have ever seen them in writing…
    I have heard of JACK—but never used it like that…
    The other two are very common.

  • Reply
    Nancy Simpson
    July 16, 2010 at 12:01 pm

    I enjoy these vocabulary tests, but I didn’t do so pretty good this time.

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 11:07 am

    Same up here, Tipper. Jist and jine are heard from time to time, but jack is very common, right up to, and including, jack sh*t – which some folks don’t know! We also have some folks who go around acting all jacked up; they’re “riding for a fall”. I wonder if jularker has any connection with ‘larks’, meaning doing something silly? Don’t you just LOVE our creative and dynamic use of the king’s english?

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 9:26 am

    The only one I haven’t heard or used is jularker. The rest are still used in my neck of the woods of W.Va on a regular basis.
    Can’t wait until you get to words starting wth the letter “p”. I “jist” thought of a doosy this morning!!!

  • Reply
    Sallie Covolo
    July 16, 2010 at 9:26 am

    Hi TIpper, I really enjoy the Appalachian Vocabulary Feature.The only ones I recognized on this list were jist and jine.
    Jine reminded me of gwine=going to, as in going to town.

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 9:09 am

    I have heard the word jist all my life and probably used it more times than I can count.
    And I use the word jack all the time. It has several meanings. “He’s all jacked up”, kinda like Gretchen Wilson’s song, All Jacked Up. And I threaten to jack someone’s jaw if they don’t behave. LOL

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 8:50 am

    I did about the same as you. I’ve never heard of jularker or juberous. I’ve also never heard join prounounces jine. I’ve certainly heard jacked but the word (around here anyway) seems to be taking on a new meaning. It’s replacing the word “mad”. As in, “I was so jacked at the operator for leaving me on hold of 10 minutes”. Wondering if that is everywhere or just here?

  • Reply
    July 16, 2010 at 8:31 am

    I am jist tickled pink each time you do one of these post. I knew all the words but the boyfriend. Never heard that one before. lots of car jacking going on down here in Florida and I wish I did not know what that means.

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